The Geo-Political Zones That Make Up Nigeria (Part One)
Today, Nigeria is divided into six geopolitical zones, with each state of the nation, divided into several categories. This idea came out and slipped into the lexicon of the country of late General Sani Abacha, former military ruler of Nigeria (1993-1998) Although the categorization of the entire nation into geo-political zones are not an official statement from government until 1997, this classification has gained prevalence in the political language of the people. It was very doubtful that General Abacha democratic responsiveness of their administrative use to achieve, because it made no serious initiative to get more hand believe that the democratically elected Chief MKO Abiola, winner of presidential elections in 1993 country.
The geo-political zones, which did not confirm established by the late Nigerian president also how some ethnic homogeneity of ethnically homogeneous areas, and others not, but the people and governments in each area, he n ‘that can have a near-perfect political and administrative expenses. are
The geo-political zones are developed, thus:
Southwest Zone geopolitical
South-East Geo-Political Zone
South-South Geo-Political Zone
North-East Geo-Political Zone
North-west geo-political and
North Central Zone geopolitical
The South-South zone, which includes focusing on me to Delta State, Akwa-Ibom, Cross River State, Rivers State Bayalsa State and Edo State, and is geographically located in Delta region of the country. This area should not be grouped along ethnic lines, but especially the former Bendel State, Old Rivers State and former Cross River State. The perfect name for this category is the “region of the Niger Delta” and became so popular in recent years, the area is probably the most famous among the geo-political zones of the country today because of militant agitation be caused in this part of the country through the first non-increase in the allocation formula for oil producing states in the region, on the other hand, neglect of villages in the region, now miserable in absolute terms. For this reason, the government of President Umaru Musa Yar’Adua, has created a Federal Ministry for the region is now headed by Ufot Ekaette.
The creation of this area was considered highly controversial by the country’s political observers who believe that the federal government of Nigeria other measures necessary to improve people’s lives have been taken into account, and the power of oil companies in the region around to end gas flaring, increased employment of local people in this region much of the poor. It was widely reported that the region is the increasing degradation of environmental challenges, in some cases, the people of this region is facing, the actions of fishing on the aquatic environment and agriculture. As we have described the region of the Niger Delta is the richest region of the country.
People who make up the region are very friendly people with a rich culture. Delta, a State of states comprising the South-South geopolitical senatorially region into three districts, namely the Delta Central, North and South Delta Delta divided. In the five major ethnic groups in the region, and the Urhobo, Isoko, Ijaw, Itsekiri and Anioma. Main languages of this state are Urhobo, Isoko, Ijaw, Itsekiri. People in different Anioma speak 15 languages, which include Enuani, Ozzara, EVBU, Igara, Ika, Ukwani, Aboh, etc. However, the Igbo language understandable to people Anioma Delta State. Interestingly, all ethnic groups residing in Delta is a form of similarity or another. Actions Isoko and Urhobo ethnic similarities like to extend the language.
The Anioma that the shares of Delta North obvious similarities mentioned ethnic socio-cultural, is now predominantly people of Anioma been since time immemorial and this has continued until today. People with very different communities across the state are scattered all united by one language that is understandable to the group. It is not necessary for translations Ibusa Commerce Indigenous Aboh Ndokwa or woman who is a member of the popular market in Asaba Ogbogonogo purchase, so the beauty of unity among peoples made possible by the campaign. The Ndokwa / people Ukkwani Anioma also share cultural affinities with the people Isoko Urhobo and the state. Marriage has acted as a bridge of unity between Urhobo and Itsekiri. Overall, ethnic tension has not only been recorded between the Anioma or between the Ijaw and the Urhobo people and Anioma state.
Cross Rivers State is another in the south-south geo-political sphere and, after the river that allowed the government halved. The former Cross River State has been weakened in 1967 as part of the strategy to improve the Biafran separatists and developed with all Arochukwu today Igbo today Akwa-Ibom. Efik is the main language spoken in the state, several other languages are also including but not limited to Ejagham, Ogoja, Ikom, etc. Interestingly, it is common to refer to people wrongly to hear people talk about Cross-Rivers, Akwa-Ibom State and Calabar Calabar everything is in fact the capital of Cross Rivers State.
Other states that comprise the South-south geo-political zone will be discussed in the last part of this piece.